The selection of cleansers for oily skin
should involve using products that rinse off well. Both bar soaps
and liquid cleansers have been formulated for this purpose. Many
of the soap gels and stronger liquid cleansers are helpful for oily
skin. Because the skin on the face, chest, and back is oilier than
the rest of the body, it may be necessary to use one product on
these areas and a more moisturizing product on the arm, legs, hands,
and feet. Many of the cleansers, which are appropriate for acne-prone
skin, would be suitable for oily skin.
The use of hard-milled face soaps and gentle
synthetic detergents are very appropriate for dry skin. It may be
necessary to only use cleansers on the face and body folds when
the ambient humidity is low e.g in the winter or in the south-western
United States. There are many liquid cleansers formulated by cosmetic
houses as well as products like Cetaphil or Aquanil, which are very
useful. There are some new products, which incorporate a liquid
cleanser in a cleansing sheet. These act to leave on a modicum of
petrolatum after the final rinse. These have been demonstrated to
Most people can cleanse with bar soap daily.
The synthetic detergent soaps react better with hard water. Liquid
cleansers and soap gels are popular at this time-the advantages
being cleaner dispensers in the bathroom. The cleansing sheets may
be used for normal skin as well. The petrolatum is suspended in
the water by crystals that dissolve in the last rinse leaving the
skin feeling smooth and moist. People with normal skin may enjoy
using a loofah-type sponge to clean themselves. These have been
sold with some liquid cleansers.
People with sensitive skin can react easily
to fragrance and preservatives.
They are also people who should avoid mechanical cleansers such
as cleansing grains, brushes, and loofahs. Most synthetic detergents
have the pH balanced favorably for the skin and are well tolerated
by sensitive persons. A few liquid cleansers are not irritating,
but many interact with the skin because of their additional surfactants.
Two non-irritating cleansers are Cetaphil and Aquanil lotions. Many
of the hard-milled soaps are well tolerated also.
These products were introduced in the 1960'
s and have been used by many people since. They initially contained
photosensitizers, which have since been removed. Triclosan is currently
the most common active ingredient. For persons in occupations, which
demand extra precautions, these products have been helpful. However
for many dermatologists, these products are very drying to the skin,
and they often contribute to hand and body eczema.